New Resources in Theological Anthropology

In Fall 2023, the assembly of the Synod of Bishops in Rome issued a synthesis document that summarized Continental Stage of the synodal process, entitled Expand the Space of Your Tent, and posed questions for reflection during 2023-2024. Among other things, it called for new theological anthropologies that “grasp the complexity of the elements emerging from experience or knowledge in the sciences” (III.15.g) and “[integrate] them into a more mature synthesis” (III.14.h). In particular, the synthesis authors were interested in theological anthropologies that might help the global Church reflect morally on “bodiliness” (III.15.g): issues of gender and sexuality, and the meaning of being human within an interdependent order of creation, as in Laudato Si’.

In March 2024, the declaration Dignitas Infinita was released, elaborating on the theology of human dignity, a central theme of Catholic moral teaching for over 130 years. Yet it did not answer specific challenges posed by the global Synod regarding the meaning of our common humanity. However, given that more inclusive theological anthropologies already exist, my colleague and I asked ourselves, how do we bridge the chasm between the Synodal body and Catholic scholars who have dedicated their lives to this important work?  In a Spirit-inspired moment we reached out to several colleagues, and they all agreed that a communal response was worth the effort. We considered how might we engage the scholars in Catholic Theological Ethics in the World Church (CTEWC) and elsewhere for their suggestions regarding the theological anthropologies that have inspired their work in ethics, and other sources (ecumenical, philosophical, social scientific, etc.) which have been most useful for their own reflections on theological anthropology.

To our collective amazement, many generous colleagues replied swiftly and affirmatively. Their contributions are below. We have listed works by the CTEWC community of scholars first and contributions by other theologians, philosophers, and ethicists below.

We hope that the international community of academic and ecclesiastical scholars will find this list useful and that you will circulate it to anyone who plans to attend the Fall 2024 Synod meeting. In addition, we hope that you will add to it, especially by providing works in languages other than English. Please send them to us at the addresses below.

Elsie Miranda,

Association of Theological Schools | Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Cristina Traina,

Fordham University | Bronx, NY, USA

Works by CTEWC Network Members

Bolded name indicates CTEWC member on collaborative works.

Autiero, Antonio and Stefanie Knauss. Oltre il ritmo binario. Prove di trialogo tra antropologia, etica e studi di genere. Edizioni San Paolo: Milano, 2024.

Beattie, Tina.

“Dignity, Difference and Rights: A Gendered Theological Analysis.” Louvain Studies 40, no. 1 (Spr 2017): 58–81.

“Gendering Genesis, Engendering Difference: A Catholic Theological Quest.” Svensk Teologisk Kvartalskrift 92, no. 3–4 (2016): 102–17.

“Repairing the sacred canopy – a reflection on the symbolic anthropology of church documents from the Council to Mulieris Dignitatem” in Marinella Perroni and Hervé Legrand, eds., We Have Something to Say: Theologians Re-read Vatican II. Saggistica series. Edizioni Paoline, Rome: 2016.

“The Theological Study of Gender” in Adrian Thatcher, ed., The Oxford Handbook of the Study of Theology, Sexuality and Gender. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Boeve, Lieven, Yves De Maeseneer, and Ellen Van Stichel, eds. Questioning the Human: Toward a Theological Anthropology for the Twenty-First Century. New York: Fordham University Press, 2014.

Brazal, Agnes M.

‘Harmonizing Power-Beauty: Gender Fluidity in the Migration Context.” Asian Christian Review 4, no. 2 (Winter 2010): 32-46.

“Power-Beauty Feminism and Postcolonial Leadership.” In Feminist Catholic Theological Ethics: Conversations in the World Church, ed. Linda Hogan and A. Orobator, 72-84. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 2014.

“A Cyborg Spirituality and its Theo-Anthropological Foundation.” In Feminist Cyberethics in Asia: Religious Discourses on Human Connectivity, ed. Agnes Brazal and Susan Abraham, 199-219. N.Y.: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

Brazal, Agnes M., and Andrea Vicini. “Longing for Transcendence: Cyborgs, Trans- and Posthumans.” Theological Studies 76, no. 1 (March 2015): 148-165.

Burbach, Nicolete, and Lisa Sowle Cahill, eds. Trans Life and the Catholic Church Today. New York: Bloomsbury, 2024.

Cahill, Lisa Sowle.

“Renegotiating Aquinas: Catholic Feminist Ethics, Postmodernism, Realism, and Faith.”  Journal of Religious Ethics,43 no 2 (Jun 2015): 193-217.

“Nature, Change, and Justice,” in David Albertson and Cabell King, eds., Without Nature? A New Condition for Theology. New York: Fordham University Press, 2009.

Curran, Charles E. “The Changing Anthropological Bases of Catholic Social Teaching.” In Change in Official Catholic Moral Teachings, ed. Charles E Curran. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 2003.

Farley, Margaret A.

“A Feminist Version of Respect for Persons.” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 9 no 1 – 2 (Spr – Fall 1993):183-198.

“New Patterns of Relationship: Beginnings of a Moral Revolution.” Theological Studies  36 (1975): 627-46.

“Religious Meanings for Nature and Humanity.” In Stephen R. Kellert and Timothy Farnham, eds., The good in nature and humanity: connecting science, religion, and spirituality with the natural world, 103-112. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2016.

“Sources of Inequality in Christian Thought.” Journal of Religion 56 (1976): 162-176.

Fleming, Daniel J., James F. Keenan, S.J., and Hans Zollner, S.J., eds.  Doing Theology and Theological Ethics in the Face of the Abuse Crisis/ Hacer Teología y Ética Teológica frente a la Crisis de los Abusos. Journal of Moral Theology 3 (CTWEC Book Series, No. 3) (2023).

Ford, Jr., Craig A.

“Born That Way?: The Challenge of Trans/Gender Identity for Catholic Theology.” In Jason King and Julie Hanlon Rubio, eds., Sex, Love & Families: Catholic Perspectives, 91–101. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2020.

“Transgender Bodies, Catholic Schools, and a Queer Natural Law Theology of Exploration.” Journal of Moral Theology 7, no. 1 (January 2018): 70–98.

Haker, Hille. Towards a Critical Political Ethics: Catholic Ethics and Social Challenges. Basel: Schwabe Verlag, 2020.

Chapter 5: “Vulnerable Agency: Human Dignity and Gendered Violence”

Chapter 6, “Feminist Ethics and Sexual Morality”

Chapter 13, “Towards a Critical Political Ethics:Compassion, Solidarity, and LIberation towards Justice”

Heimbach-Steins, Marianne. “… nicht mehr Mann und Frau”: sozialethische Studien zu Geschlechterverhältnis und Geschlechtergerechtigkeit. Regensburg: Pustet, 2009.

Jung, Patricia Beattie, Aana Marie Vigen, and John Anderson, eds. God, Science, Sex, Gender: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Christian Ethics. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2010.

Jung, Patricia Beattie, and Joseph Coray, eds. Sexual Diversity and Catholicism: Toward the Development of Moral Theology. Collegeville, Minn: Liturgical Press, 2001.

Keenan, James F.

“Building Blocks for Moral Education: Vulnerability, Recognition and Conscience.” In  David DeCosse and Kevin Baxter, ed,. Conscience and Catholic Education: Theology, Administration, and Teaching (Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 2022), 17-30.

“The Color Line, Race and Caste: Structures of Domination and the Ethics of Recognition,” Theological Studies, 82.1 (2021) 69-94.

“La Ética Universitaria en una Época de Amenaza a la Democracia y con Necesidad de Confianza Social.” Humanitas (April 2024).

“Hierarchicalism.” Theological Studies 83.1 (2022) 84-108.

“Linking Human Dignity, Vulnerability, and Virtue Ethics.” Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society 6 no 1 (2020): 56-73.

The Moral Life: Eight Lectures. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2024.

“Pathways to Holiness: Early Christianity and Ethics.” Studia Moralia 61 no. 2 (2023): 361-382.

“Regarding Amoris Laetitia: Its Language, Its Reception, Some Challenges, and the Agnosticism of Some of the Hierarchy,” Perspectiva Teológica 53 no. 1 (2021): 41-60.

“Social Trust, Populism, and Synodality,” Theological Studies 84 no. 1 (2023): 110-134.

 “Vulnerabilidade, Reconhecimento E Consciência: Um Novo Olhar Sobre O Pensamento Moral” /“A New Look on Moral Reasoning: Vulnerability and Recognition as Guiding Lights for Challenging Times,” Broteria (March 2023): 328-341.

King, Jason and Julie Hanlon Rubio, eds., Sex, Love, and Families: Catholic Perspectives. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Academic, 2020.

Kirchhoffer, David G.

“Between Revelation and Reason: Human Dignity in Karl Barth and Gaudium et Spes.”  In Being Human: Groundwork for a Theological Anthropology for the 21st Century, 69-84. Edited by Robyn HornerDavid G. Kirchhoffer, and Patrick Joseph McArdle. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2013.

Dignity, Conscience and Religious Pluralism in Healthcare: An Argument for a Presumption in Favour of Respect for Religious Belief. Bioethics  37 no. 1 (2023): 88-97.

Human Dignity in Contemporary Ethics. Amherst, NY: Teneo Press, 2013.

Lawler, Michael G., and Todd A. Salzman.

“The Mystery of Sexuality: Catholic Reflections.” Theology & Sexuality 17, no. 2 (2011): 161-180.

“Sex, Gender, and Intersex: Anthropological, Medical, and Ethical Critiques and Proposals.” Theology and Sexuality 25 no. 3 (2019): 205-26.

Sexual Ethics: A Theological Introduction. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2012.

The Sexual Person: Toward a Renewed Catholic Anthropology. Moral Traditions Series. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2008.

Massingale, Bryan. Racial Justice and the Catholic Church. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2010.

Perkins, Anna Kasafi.

 “Male and Female Created He Them”: Christian Conversations on Gender Diversity and Difference in Jamaica”. In Rohan Lewis and Marjan de Bruin, eds., Sexual Differences and Gender Variance: Challenges in the Caribbean 60-80. Kingston: UWI Press, 2020.

“Shi Wi Use Har Blood Tie Him”: A Theological Interrogation of Cultural Beliefs about Menstruation and Female [Im]morality in Jamaica”. In Nicholas Faraclas, et al (eds.), Memories of Caribbean Futures: reclaiming the precolonial to reimagine a postcolonial languages, literatures and cultures of the Greater Caribbean and beyond, 349-359. Puerto Rico/Curacao: University of Curacao, 2017.

Ross, Susan A.

Anthropology: Seeking Light and Beauty. Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical Press, 2012.

Extravagant Affections: A Feminist Sacramental Theology. New York: Continuum, 1998.

Traina, Cristina L.H.

Finitude, Feminism, and Flourishing: On Being Mortal, Like Everyone Else. 2023 Madaleva Lecture in Spirituality. New York: Paulist Press, 2024.

“How Gendered is Marriage?” In Sex, Love, and Families: Catholic Perspectives, 79-90. Ed. Julie Hanlon Rubio and Jason King.  Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2020.

Zenner, Christiana. “Pericopes in the Present: Gender, Water, and Flows of Gender, Water, and Flows of Blood in and Beyond Mark 5.” Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 78 no. 1 (2024): 38–50.

Works by Other Catholic Scholars

Alison, James.

Faith Beyond Resentment: Fragments Catholic and Gay. New York: Crossroad, 2001.

The Joy of Being Wrong: Original Sin Through Easter Eyes. New York: Crossroad, 1998.

Undergoing God: Dispatches from the Scene of a Break-In. New York: Continuum, 2006.

Baldelomar, César. “Toward a Reimagined Theological Anthropology: Freeing the Excluded and Re-envisioning Scenes of Instruction.” Journal of Hispanic/Latino Theology 22. no. 1 article 4 (2020).

Beyt, Adam.

“Fruitful bodies: Farley, Copeland, and Baldwin on sacred flesh.” Theology & Sexuality 25, nos. 1–2 (2019): 45–61.

“’Beautiful and New’: The Logic of Complementarity in Hedwig and the Angry Inch.” Religions (2019): 10, 620.

Afrofuturist Worlds: The Diseased Colonial Imagination and Christian Hope.” Journal of Moral Theology 13 no. 1 (2024): 78–101.

Remaking Humanity: Embodiment and Hope in Catholic Theology. New York: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2024.

Carr, Anne. Transforming Grace: Christian Tradition and Women’s Experience. New York: Harper & Row, 1988.

Case, Mary Anne.

“The Role of the Popes in the Invention of Complementarity and the Vatican’s Anathematization of Gender.” Religion and Gender 6, no. 2 (2016): 155-172

“Trans Formations in the Vatican’s ‘War on Gender Ideology.'” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 44, no. 3 (2019): 639-664.

Coblentz, Jessica. “Catholic Anthropology beyond Compulsory Sexuality.” Journal of Moral Theology 13, no. 2 (July 2024): forthcoming.

Copeland, M. Shawn.

Enfleshing Freedom: Body, Race and Being. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2009 (rev. ed. 2023).

“Racism and Heteropatriarchy,” Concilium 17:46 (2023) Racism: Women’s Intercultural Perspectives.  Ed. Sharon A. Bong, Bernardeth Caero Bustillos, and Susan Abraham.

“Wading Through Many Sorrows.” In Emilie M. Townes, ed., A Troubling in My Soul: Womanist Perspectives on Evil & Suffering, 109-129. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1993.

Deane-Drummond, Celia E. “Pope Francis’s Integral Ecology Paradigm: An Exploration of Its Theological Foundations and Ethical Implications.” Irish Theological Quarterly 88, no. 2 (May 2023): 99–111.

Deane-Drummond, Celia E., and Agustín Fuentes.

“Human being and becoming: situating theological anthropology in interspecies relationships in an evolutionary context.” Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 1 No 2 (Jun 2014): 232-250.

As editors:  The Evolution of Human Wisdom. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2017.

Delio, Ilia.

“Religion and Posthuman Life: A Note on Teilhard de Chardin’s Vision.” Toronto Journal of Theology 36 no. 2 (2020): 223–234.

“Transhumanism or Ultrahumanism? Teilhard de Chardin on Technology, Religion and Evolution.” Theology and Science 10, no. 2, (2012): 153-166.

Doak, Mary. “Sex, Race, and Culture: Constructing Theological Anthropology for the Twenty-First Century.” Theological Studies 80, no. 3 (2019): 508–29.

Domning, Daryl P. and Monika Hellwig. Original Selfishness:  Original Sin and Evil in Light of Evolution. New York:  Routledge, 2006.

Drexler-Dreis, Joseph. Decolonial Love: Salvation in Colonial Modernity. New York: Fordham University Press, 2019.

Drexler-Dreis, Joseph, and Kristien Justaert, eds. Beyond the Doctrine of Man: Decolonial Visions of the Human. New York: Fordham University Press, 2020.

Edwards, Denis. The Natural World and God: Theological Investigations. Adelaide, Australia: ATF Publications, 2017.

Chapter 4, “Humans, Chimps, and Bonobos: Towards an Inclusive View of the Human as Bearing the Image of God,” 55-73.

Ellacuría, Ignacio, and Jon Sobrino, eds. Mysterium Liberationis: Fundamental Concepts of Liberation Theology. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 199.

Ignacio Ellacuría, “The Historicity of Christian Salvation,” 251-289

Ignacio Ellacuría, “The Crucified People,” 580-603.

Feder, Julia. Incarnating Grace: A Theology of Healing from Sexual Trauma. New York: Fordham University Press, 2024.

Gebara, Ivone.

Longing for Running Water: Ecofeminism and Liberation.  Trans. David Molineaux. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1999.

Out of the Depths: Women’s Experience of Evil and Salvation. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2002.

“Women’s Suffering, Climate Injustice, God, and Pope Francis’s Theology: Some Insights from Brazil,” translated by Wanda Deifelt, in Planetary Solidarity: Global Women’s Voices on Christian Doctrine and Climate Justice, ed. Grace Ji-Sun Kim and Hilda Koster. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2017.

Grimes, Katie M. “Theology of Whose Body? Sexual Complementarity, Intersex Conditions, and La Virgen de Guadalupe,” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 32, no. 1 (Spring 2016): 75-93.

Goh, Joseph N.

“Embracing the sacred in the unfamiliar: Reflections on the task of Christian theologising under the tutelage of LGBTQ people.”  Hapág 13, nos. 1-2 (2016): 105-132.

Living Out Sexuality and Faith: Body Admissions of Malaysian Gay and Bisexual Men. New York: Routledge, 2018.

González, Michelle A. “Nuestra Humanidad: Toward a Latina Theological Anthropology.” Journal of Hispanic/Latina Theology 8 no. 3 Article 4 (2001).

Graff, Ann O’Hara, ed. In the Embrace of God: Feminist Approaches to Theological Anthropology. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1995.

Grey, Carmody. “A Theologian’s Perspective on Science-Engaged Theology.” Modern Theology 37, no. 2 (2021): 489–94.

Gummess, Matthew. “Both Catholic and Trans: Commensurate Sources for a Theology of the Trans Body.” In Theology and Media(Tion): Rendering the Absent Present, edited by Stephen Okey and Katherine Schmidt. College Theology Society Annual Volume 69. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2023.

Haight, Roger. “Spirituality, Evolution, Creator God.” Theological Studies 79 (2018), 251-73.

Haught, John. The Cosmic Vision of Teilhard de Chardin.  New York:  Orbis Books, 2021.

Heaps, Jonathan, and Neil Ormerod. “Statistically Ordered: Gender, Sexual Identity, and the Metaphysics of ‘Normal.’” Theological Studies 80, no. 2 (June 1, 2019): 346–69.

Hill Fletcher, Jeannine. The Sin of White Supremacy: Christianity, Racism, and Religious Diversity in America. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2017.

Hilkert, Mary Catherine. Speaking with Authority: Catherine of Siena and the Voices of Women Today. Mahwah, New Jersey: Paulist Press, 2008.

Hinsdale, Mary Ann and Stephen Okey, eds. T&T Clark Handbook of Theological Anthropology. New York: T&T Clark, 2021.

Horan, Daniel P. Catholicity and Emerging Personhood: A Contemporary Theological Anthropology. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2019.

Houck, Daniel W. Aquinas, Original Sin, and the Challenge of Evolution. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2020.

Isasi-Diáz, Ada María. “Elements of a Mujerista Anthropology.” In Ann O’Hara Graff, ed., In the embrace of God: feminist approaches to theological anthropology, p 90-102. Maryknoll: Orbis, 1995.

Johnson, Elizabeth A., CSJ.

She Who Is: The Mystery of God in Feminist Theological Discourse. New York: Crossroad, 1992 (2 th anniv. ed. 2017).

Ask the Beasts: Darwin and the God of Love. London: Bloomsbury, 2014.

Chapter 3, “Endless Forms Most Beautiful,” 45-99.

Chapter 9 “Enter the Humans,” 236-259.

Chapter 10 “The Community of Creation,” 260-286.

Creation and the Cross: The Mercy of God for a Planet in Peril. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2018.

Come, Have Breakfast: Meditations on God and the Earth. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2024.

Meditations on “Humankind and Otherkind,” 147-176.

Kieser, Doris M.

Catholic Sexual Theology and Adolescent Girls: Embodied Flourishing. Waterloo, Canada: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2015.

“The Female Body in Catholic Theology: Menstruation, Reproduction, and Autonomy.” Horizons 44 (2017): 1–27.

Kohlhaas, Jacob M. Beyond Biology: Rethinking Parenthood in the Catholic Tradition. Washington, DC: Georgetown, 2021.

Kohlhaas, Jacob M., and Ryan Patrick McLaughlin. “Loving the World We Are: Anthropology and Relationality in Laudato Si’.” Journal of Religious Ethics 47, no. 3 (September 2019): 501–24.

LaCugna, Catherine, ed. Freeing Theology: The Essentials of Theology in Feminist Perspective. San Francisco: Harper SanFrancisco, 1993.

Lloyd, Vincent. Black Natural Law. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Loughlin, Gerard.

“Baptismal Fluid.” Scottish Journal of Theology, 51 no 3 1998, p 261-270.

“Gender Ideology: For a ‘Third Sex’ Without Reserve.” Studies in Christian Ethics 31, no. 4 (2018): 471–82.

Martini, Carlo Maria. On the Body: A Contemporary Theology of the Human Person. New York: Crossroad Publishing, 2001.

McCarthy, David Matzko. “The Relationship of Bodies: A Nuptial Hermeneutics of Same-Sex Unions.” In Theology and Sexuality, edited by Eugene F. Rogers, 200–216. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2002.

O’Donovan, Leo, ed. A World of Grace: Introduction to the Themes and Foundations of Karl Rahner’s Theology. New York. Seabury Press, 1980.

Oliva, Adriano. Amours: l’Église, les divorcés remariés, les couples homosexuels. Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 2015.

Prevot, Andrew.

The Mysticism of Ordinary Life: Theology, Philosophy, and Feminism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2023.

Thinking Prayer: Theology and Spirituality amid the Crises of Modernity. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2015.

Pröpper, Thomas.

“Autonomie und Solidarität: Begründungsprobleme sozialethischer Verpflichtung.” In Jahrbuch für Christliche Sozialwissenschaften 36 (2012): 11-27.

Theologische Anthropologie. Freiburg: Verlag Herder GmbH, 2016.

Rahner, Karl.

“The Body in the Order of Salvation,” Theological Investigations, Vol. XVII (New York: Crossroad, 1981), 74.

Foundations of Christian Faith. New York: Seabury Press, 1978.

Mary, Mother of the Lord: Theological Meditations. New York: Herder and Herder, 1963.

“Natural Science and Reasonable Faith:  Theological Perspectives for Dialogue with the Natural Sciences.” In Theological Investigations, Vol. XXI. Translated by Hugh M. Riley. New York:  Crossroad, 1988.

Rivera, Mayra.

Poetics of the Flesh. Durham: Duke University Press, 2015.

“Thinking Bodies: The Spirit of a Latina Incarnational Imagination.” In Ada-María Isasi-Díaz and Eduardo Mendieta, ed., Decolonizing Epistemologies: Latina/o Theology and Philosophy, 207-225.  New York: Fordham University Press, 2011.

Ruether, Rosemary Radford. Sexism and God-Talk: Toward a Feminist Theology. Boston: Beacon Press, 1983.

Saracino, Michele. Christian Anthropology: An Introduction to the Human Person. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press, 2015.

Schillebeeckx, Edward.

Christ: The Christian Experience in the Modern World. Translated by John Bowden. Vol. 7. London: Bloomsbury T&T Clark, 2014.

The Church: The Human Story of God. New York: Crossroad, 1990.

Shore-Goss, Robert E. and Joseph N. Goh, eds. Unlocking Orthodoxies for Inclusive Theologies Queer Alternatives. New York: Routledge, 2020.

Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre.

Human Energy.  Translated by J. M. Cohen. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1969.

The Human Phenomenon.  Translated by Sarah Appleton-Weber. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 1999.

Tilley, Terrence W. “Challenges of Empirical Research for Theological Anthropology.” In Ethna Regan and Alan J. Kearns, eds., Critical Questions in Contemporary Theology: Essays in Honour of Dermot A. Lane, 187-198. New York: Peter Lang, 2024.

Ulishney, Megan Loumagne. “Gender as Context in Science and Religion: ‘Natural’ Sexual Difference as a Case Study.” Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 9 no. 2 (2022): 151-172.

Wendel, Saskia

In Freiheit glauben: Grundzüge eines libertarischen Verständnisses von Glauben und Offenbarung. Regensburg: Verlag Friedrich Pustet, 2020.

“Sexualethik und Genderperspektive.” In Konrad Hilpert, ed., Zukunftshorizonte katholischer Sexualethik, 36-56. Freiburg: Herder, 2011.

Works by Theorists and Ecumenical Theologians

Althaus-Reid, Marcella.

Indecent Theology: Theological Perversions in Sex, Gender and Politics. New York: Routledge, 2000.

The Queer God. London: Routledge, 2003. (Especially the introduction and chapter 3)

Bohache, Thomas. “Embodiment as Incarnation: An Incipient Queer Christology.” Theology & Sexuality 10, no. 1 (2003): 9–29.

Brueggemann, Walter. “How to Read the Bible on Homosexuality.” Outreach.

Coakley, Sarah.

God, Sexuality, and the Self: An Essay “on the Trinity.”  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013,

The New Asceticism: Sexuality, Gender and the Quest for God. New York: Bloomsbury, 2015.

Cornwall, Susannah.

“The Kenosis of Unambiguous Sex in the Body of Christ: Intersex, Theology and Existing ‘for the Other.’” Theology & Sexuality 14, no. 2 (2008): 181-200.

Sex and Uncertainty in the Body of Christ: Intersex Conditions and Christian Theology. New York: Routledge, 2010.

Cornwall, Susannah, ed. Intersex, Theology, and the Bible: Troubling Bodies in Church, Text, and Society. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

DeFranza, Megan. Sex Difference in Christian Theology: Male, Female, and Intersex in the Image of God. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2015.

Hefner, Philip.

“A Fuller Concept of Evolution—Big Bang to Spirit.” Zygon, vol. 47, no. 2 (2012):  298-307.

“The Human Person as Imago Dei.” In The Human Person in Science and Theology. Edited by Niels Henrik Gregersen, Willem Drees and Ulf Görman.  Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2000.

Lerner, Gerda. The Creation of Patriarchy (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986).

Lightsey, Pamela R. Our Lives Matter: A Womanist Queer Theology. Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2015, esp. chapters 6 and 7.

Marchal, Vincent. “LGBTQI Strategies of Interpretation” (ch.10). In The Oxford Handbook of New Testament, Gender, and Sexuality. Edited by Benjamin H. Dunning. New York, New York: Oxford University Press, 2019.

McFague, Sallie. The Body of God: An Ecological Theology. Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress, 1993.

Noble, David. The Religion of Technology: The Divinity of Man and the Spirit of Invention. New York: Knopf, 1997.

Sideris, Lisa H. Consecrating Science: Wonder, Knowledge, and the Natural World. Oakland, California: University of California Press, 2017.

Tanner, Kathryn. “The Difference Theological Anthropology Makes,” Theology Today (January 1994) 50: 567-579.

Tonstad, Linn. God and Difference: The Trinity, Sexuality, and the Transformation of Finitude. New York: Routledge, 2016.

Williams, Delores. “A Womanist Perspective on Sin.” In Emilie M. Townes, ed., A Troubling in My Soul: Womanist Perspectives on Evil & Suffering,130-149. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1993.

Williams, Rowan. “The Body’s Grace.” In Theology and Sexuality, edited by Eugene F. Rogers, 309–21. Blackwell Readings in Modern Theology. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2002.